Wasserstoff Daten - Hydrogen Data

presented by HyWeb
The Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Information System

 

 
Englische Kommadarstellung / English punctuation
Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr / no liability for correctness assumed
     
Wasserstoff Daten / hydrogen data    
   
unterer Heizwert / lower heating value.................................
oberer Heizwert / higher heating value.................................
Dichte / density................................................................
Siedepunkt / boiling point..................................................
unterer Wobbe Index / lower Wobbe index..........................
oberer Wobbe Index / higher Wobbe index.........................
spezifische Wärmekapazität / specific heat capacity............
Explosionsgrenze in Luft / explosion limits in air..................
Detonationsgrenze in Luft / detonation limits in air................
Diffusionskoeffizient / diffusion coefficient...........................
................3.00 kWh/Nm
2.359 kWh/l LH
33.33 kWh/kg
.................3.54 kWh/Nm
2.790 kWh/l LH
39.41 kWh/kg
................0.0899 kg/Nm
....20.390 K (0.1013 MPa)
.............11.361 kWh/Nm
.............13.428 kWh/Nm
...........Cp= 14,199 J/kg/K
......................................
.....................................
......................0.61 cm/s
...................10.8 MJ/Nm
.............8.495 MJ/l LH
...................120.0 MJ/kg
................12.75 MJ/Nm
..............10.04 MJ/l LH
..................141.86 MJ/kg
............70.79 kg/m3LH
...............40.898 MJ/Nm
...............48.340 MJ/Nm
.........Cv = 10,074 J/kg/K
....4.0 - 75.0 % by volume
..18.3 - 59.0 % by volume

     
    Der Energieinhalt von 1 Nm Wasserstoff entspricht 0,34 l Benzin, 1 l flüssiger Wasserstoff entspricht 0,27 l Benzin,1 kg Wasserstoff entspricht 2,75 kg Benzin
    The energy content of 1 Nm hydrogen is equivalent to 0.34 l gasoline, 1 l liquid hydrogen is equivalent to 0.27 l gasoline, 1 kg hydrogen is equivalent to 2.75 kg gasoline (based on lower heating value).
     
       
 
    Kompressionsfaktor / compressibility factor (273.15 K)
     
     
Pressure [MPa]
0.1013
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Compessibility factor
1
1.032
1.065
1.098
1.132
1.166
1.201
1.236
1.272
1.344
1.416
1.489
1.560
1.632
1.702
 
 
Daten zu Energieträgern / fuel data (lower heating value)    
   
Wasserstoff / hydrogen.....................................................
Rohöl / crude oil...............................................................
Diesel / diesel..................................................................
Benzin / gasoline.............................................................
Methanol / methanol..........................................................
Methan / methane.............................................................
Erdgas / natural Gas (82 - 93 % CH4).................................
Propan / propane..............................................................
Butan / butane................................................................
Stadtgas* / town gas*.......................................................
................3.00 kWh/Nm
......................... 1 toe/t
..................... 10 kWh/l
.................... 8.8 kWh/l
.....................4.44 kWh/l
................9.97 kWh/Nm
........8.8 - 10.4 kWh/Nm
..............25.89 kWh/Nm
..............34.39 kWh/Nm
................4.54 kWh/Nm
.................33.33 kWh/kg
................ 11.6 kWh/kg
................ 11.9 kWh/kg
................ 12.0 kWh/kg
..................5.47 kWh/kg
..................13.9 kWh/kg
........10.6 - 13.1 kWh/kg
.................12.88kWh/kg
.................12.7 kWh/kg
..................7.57 kWh/kg

    *(51 %vol H2 ; 18 %vol CO ; 19 %vol CH4 ; 2 %vol CnHm ; 4 %vol CO2 ; 6 %vol N2)  
           
 
 
LH : 100 % para hydrogen
normal conditions: 273.15 K; 0.1013 MPa
     
 
     
    Umrechnungsfaktoren / conversion factors    
       
    Energie / energy    
von / from...............................................................
MJ.........................................................................
toe .......................................................................
BTU......................................................................
kWh......................................................................
toe ........................................................................
BTU.......................................................................
kWh .....................................................................
MJ ........................................................................
toe.........................................................................
kWh .....................................................................
MJ........................................................................
BTU.....................................................................
in / into..........................
kWh..............................
kWh..............................
kWh...............................
MJ.................................
MJ.................................
MJ.................................
BTU...............................
BTU...............................
BTU...............................
toe.................................
toe.................................
toe...........................................
multiplizieren mit / multiply by:
...................................0.2778
...................................11,630
...........................0.2931 x 10
........................................ 3.6
....................................41,868
................................0.001055
......................................3,412
......................................947.9
................................39.7 x 10
...............................86.0 x 10
.............................23.88 x 10
.............................25.19 x 10
    Druck / pressure    
   
bar.........................................................................
psi.........................................................................
MPa.......................................................................
bar.........................................................................
MPa.......................................................................
psi.........................................................................
MPa...............................
MPa...............................
psi..................................
psi..................................
bar..................................
bar..................................
.........................................0.1
................................0.006895
........................................145
.......................................14.5
..........................................10
..................................0.06895
       
    Volumen / volume    
   
scf.........................................................................
Nm........................................................................
Nm................................
scf..................................
........(normal conditions) 0.0283
......................................35.31
Sicherheitsaspekte / safety aspects
 
       
   
Wasserstoff ist: / Hydrogen is:
 
       
nicht detonativ im Freien / does not detonate in open air
 
   
nicht zerfallsfähig / does not decompose
 
   
nicht selbstentzündlich / does not self-ignite
 
   
nicht oxidierend, nicht brandfördernd / non-oxidizing
 
   
nicht giftig / non-toxic
 
   
nicht korrosiv / non-corrosive
 
   
nicht radioaktiv / non-radioactive
 
   
nicht übelriechend / does not have an unpleasant smell
 
   
nicht ansteckend / non-contagious
 
   
nicht wassergefährdend / not harmful to water
 
   
nicht fruchtschädigend / not harmful to the foetus (non-teratogenic)
 
   
nicht krebserzeugend / does not cause cancer (non-carcinogenic)
   
 
    Wasserstoff ist leichter als Luft und entweicht schnell nach oben.  
    Hydrogen is lighter than air and vanishes rapidly upwards.  
     
       
    Wasserstoff hat einen hohen Diffusionskoeffizienten (vier Mal größer als Methan) und verdünnt sich rasch in Luft. Hydrogen has a high diffusion coefficient (four times that of methane) and dilutes rapidly in air.  
       
       
    Wasserstoff hat deutlich engere Detonations- als Explosionsgrenzen – bei früher Zündung brennt er, bevor die Detonationsgrenzen erreicht werden. Hydrogen has significantly narrower detonation limits in air than explosion limits – when ignited early, it burns before detonation limits are reached.  
       
     
    Wasserstoff brennt mit unsichtbarer Flamme, die sehr wenig Wärme abstrahlt. Hydrogen burns with an invisible flame with very little heat radiated from the flame.  
       
       
    Wasserstoff ist farb- und geruchlos. Hydrogen is colorless and odorless.  
       
       
    Informationen zu Wasserstoff im Internet / Hydrogen online information resources  
     
    www.HyWeb.de  
    www.H2mobility.org  
    www.H2stations.org  
     
    www.Innovation-Brennstoffzelle.de  
    www.fuelcellpark.com  
     
    www.energiekrise.de  
    www.energyshortage.com  
     
    www.brennstoffzellenbus.de  
    www.fuelcellbus.com  
     
    www.dwv-info.de (DWV)  
    www.H2euro.org (EHA)  
     
    www.HFPeurope.org  
    www.HyLights.org  
    www.HyWays.de  
       
       
       
   
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